Fruit Trees

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Common Name Latin Name Description
Northern Bayberry Myrica Pensylvanica A remarkably versatile shrub, bayberry is equally at home in Long Island sand dunes and in wooded inland fens. This sun-loving shrub is tolerant of a wide range of soil types, but as one of the few shrubs which can fix nitrogen, it can grow well on even the poorest sandy soils. In warmer zones it is often evergreen, holding its aromatic leathery green leaves all winter. Deciduous (sometimes evergreen) spreading shrub. Multi-stemmed with dense foliage, rounded form. Leaves glossy, fragrant, 2 to 4 inches long, narrow oval with teeth near the tip. Leaves are alternate along the stem, often clustered densely at branch tips. Female plants have 1/8 inch waxy gray berries on lower stems.
Beach Plum Prunus maritima Deciduous spread shrub. Usually multi-stemmed but may grow as single stemmed small tree. Leaves alternate, oval and finely toothed, 1 ½ to 2 ½ inches long. White flowers with 5 petals, fruit round plums ¾ inch to 1 inch long, yellow or red to black with whitish bloom. Bark on young stems shiny reddish brown with horizontal lenticels, becoming rough and dark brown on older stems.
Wild Grape Vitis riparia Deciduous woody vine. Long stems with attractive reddish-brown shredding bark. Young shoots light green, climbing with large forked tendrils, which coil strongly around supports. Leaves 2 to 6 inches long, light green, thin, shining, usually three lobed. Leaf form variable; some leaves may be very deeply lobed and toothed. Fruit tight clumps of dark blue to black grapes, about ¼ inch in diameter.
Sand Cherry Punus pumila var. depressa Deciduous trailing shrub. Leaves gray-green, long and fairly narrow, with rounded tips. White, five-petaled flowers on lower half of shoots, followed by dark red fruit. Bark on trailing branches typically reddish to dark brown.
American Plum Prunus americanus Small tree or spreading shrub. In the wild, grows as small understory tree in open forests, but also grows in open areas. Can spread by root suckers. Broad open crown and short trunk. Young bark smooth, dark gray, becoming rough and scaly with age. Branches may have spines. Blooms in spring before leaves open. Flowers white, about 1 inch across with five petals and are very fragrant. Leaves 2 to 4 inches long, oval with pointed tip and finely toothed margin. Upper surface is dark green, looks rather rough textured. Fruit about 1 inch in diameter, occurring singly or in clusters, yellow to red when ripe. Ripe fruit become soft and succulent, and have delicious flavor. Single stone (seed) is not as large as might be expected in a wild fruit.
Goji Berry Lycium barbarum or Lycium chinense Chinese native also known as Wolfberry. The red fruits are sweet and packed full of antioxidants and other nutrients--rightly called a “superfood!” This relative of peppers and tomatoes is hardy to -15 degrees, F., prefers full sun and somewhat dry, well-drained soil. Plants reach to 6 feet tall and look stunning with their silvery, laurel-like foliage and small flowers like purple stars. Goji Berry should fruit starting in the second year after planting.
Aronia Berry Aronia melancarpa Viking is a beautiful small shrub with a very flavorful fruit when used in juices, jams, and wines. Aronia is high in flavonoid/antioxidants, as well as high in vitamins and minerals. The fall red foliage is incredibly striking. Aronia is a staple in Eastern Europe backyard gardens and has great potential in the US.
Boysenberry a cross comprised of the European raspberry (Rubus idaeus) the European blackberry (Rubus fruticosus), American dewberry (Rubus aboriginum) and loganberry (Rubus × loganobaccus) A fabulous potpourri of America's' favorite berries, the Boysenberry is a cross comprised of the European raspberry (Rubus idaeus) the European blackberry (Rubus fruticosus), American dewberry (Rubus aboriginum) and loganberry (Rubus × loganobaccus). This unique berry is said to have been rescued from near extinction from the farm of a man named Rudolph Boysen in California in the 1930s. The rare plants were rescued and adopted by the Knott's family, who went on to grow a berry farming empire. The boysenberry enjoyed a solar flare of immense popularity until the 1960s when it fell out of flavor due to its fragile fruit which did not stand up to packaging and shipping as well as its less than rugged growing habits. Boysenberry has since been improved to be a more hardy and disease resistant plant, but its fruits remain as incredibly flavored and delicate, as the originals. This low growing bramble is hardy from USDA zones 6-9. Fruits average 7-8 grams.